The LAMP is located 2km from residential area of 30,000 people and some 25km from Kuantan potentially putting 700,000 people directly at risk from many toxic leaks and emissions. One cannot imagine the government of Australia allowing a toxic plant to be in a distance of 2km from a highly populated residential area without that communities consent. Local communities in Kuantan have been particularly angered by the lack of consent in regard to the Lynas Advanced Materials Plant, first discovering of Malaysian governments approval for the plant from a New York Times article in April 2011.
The LAMP is located close to fishing communities and coastal resorts. Local community is deeply worried that the toxic and hazardous waste will, over time, contaminate a large area beyond the vicinity of the plant. There are serious concerns that the fishing grounds could be contaminated, affecting their food safety and their health, potentially ending the local fishery industry and the tourism trade.
The Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment (PEIA) for the LAMP states that it will use 720 tons of concentrated Hydrochloride Acid (sulphuric acid) per day and will dump a huge amount of solid waste, 23,000 tons per year enough to fill 126 swimming pools. Every year, at least 106 tonnes of radioactive thorium and a small quantity of uranium will be dumped amongst this waste along with an unknown cocktail of other hazardous substances.
To keep the solid waste, Lynas will have to build a ground retention pond of 7 acres (2.8 hectare) with a depth of 8 metres per year essentially turning a massive area of coastal wetland into a toxic waste dump. The refinery will also discharge waste water at 500 tonnes an hour into the Balok River, a river of significant mangrove species that is within a few kilometres from the river mouth which joins the South China Sea. It is unclear what level of toxicity and what kind of pollutants will be in the waste water. Contamination of seafood is a real risk with so much waste water being drained into a natural river. This part of the sea has been a long established habitat of the critically endangered leatherback turtles.
Lynas will produce 99,000 cubic metres of gas per hour to be released into the atmosphere yet there has not been any detail provided on what kind of gas or particulates will be released into the atmosphere. Any air pollution will inevitably be carried inland from the wind brought in from the South China Sea everyday. In the monsoon rainy season, the gale force winds can travel a long distance inland potentially spreading the hazards over a large area – thorium dust are very fine and light particles known to be easily carried by wind and water.
 ‘Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment Lamp & Quantitative Risk Assessment – Proposed Lynas Advanced Material Plant – Gebeng, Kuantan’, January 2008